Smart Control Helicopter

Pengenalan

Bengkel Helikopter telah dijalankan buat pertama kalinya oleh Pusat Sains Angkasa (ANGKASA) pada 30 Oktober 2012 sempena penganjuran program Visiting Astronaut di UKM.

Program Visiting Astronaut dianjurkan sempena 2nd Intersessional Meeting yang diadakan oleh Global Science and Innovation Advisory Council (GSIAC) dengan kerjasama Malaysian Industry-Government Group for High Technology (MIGHT). Pihak penganjur telah menjemput Dr. Daniel T. Barry yang merupakan Angkasawan daripada Amerika Syarikat untuk mengadakan program syarahan umum, bengkel helikopter dan program- program lain di beberapa buah universiti di Malaysia termasuklah UKM.

Berikutan daripada sambutan yang amat baik, ANGKASA telah meneruskan penganjuran program tersebut dalam bentuk pertandingan pada tahun 2013 dan tahun-tahun berikutnya dengan kerjasama daripada Jabatan Kejuruteraan Elektrik, Elektronik dan Sistem, Fakulti Kejuruteraan dan Alam Bina, UKM.

Pendaftaran Smart Control Helicopter 2016

Objektif

1. Membangunkan kemahiran kerja berpasukan dan membina perkakasan dan perisian dalam kumpulan.
2. Mempelajari kemahiran menyelesaikan masalah yang berkaitan dengan matematik, sains dan kejuruteraan.
3. Memahami proses penuh pembinaan dan pengaturcaraan sistem mikroelektronik.
4. Menunjukkan bahawa pembelajaran adalah sesuatu yang menyeronokkan dan memberi inspirasi kepada pelajar untuk mempelajari sendiri dan mengambil kemahiran yang dipelajari dalam bengkel tersebut ke tahap yang lebih tinggi.
5. Memupuk minat para pelajar dalam pembelajaran dan penerokaan dalam bidang sains dan teknologi (STEM).
6. Mewujudkan kesedaran pelajar-pelajar dalam pendidikan STEM.

What is Arduino?

Arduino is a tool for making computers that can sense and control more of the physical world than your desktop computer. It's an open-source physical computing platform based on a simple microcontroller board, and a development environment for writing software for the board.

Arduino can be used to develop interactive objects, tajing inputs from a variety of switches or sensors, and controlling a variety of lights, motors and other physical outputs. Arduino projects can be stand-alone, or they can communicate with software running on your computer (e.g. Flash, Processing, MaxMSP). The boards can be assembled by hand or purchased preassembled; the open-source IDE can be downloaded for free.

The Arduino programming language is an implementation of wiring, a similar physical computing platform, which is based on the processing multimedia programming environment.

Download Arduino Software

 

The Workshop

Each team will be provided with a computer, breadboard, microprocessor, visible LED light, infrared LED light array, battery pack, amplifier, and a Syma S107G helicopter. Then, participants need to learn how to build a simple circuit that blinks the visible LED, familiarize themselves with the different electronic components and learn how to program the microcontroller.

After that, they were guided by the facilitator to build more complicated circuit that used a power MOSFET to drive an LED array. Every team needed to load their own software into the microcontroller that issues commands to their helicopters (via the IR LED array circuit). The teams control the helicopters through this interface and gained a complete understanding on the variables required for control and automation. Finally, the teams have to perform a specific autonomous maneuver with the helicopters, such as a takeoff, mid-air box, and landing. 

The workshop ended with a competition where each teams have to present their techniques and programming skills on flying the helicopter.

Berita Terkini

16/06/2016 - Artikel mengenai Helicopter Smart Control Competition 2014 terdapat di dalam Bulletin Earth to Space, IPI

"If you want to fly, give up everything that weighs you down"