Idris Saleh Al-Sheikh, Masnizah Mohd, Lia Warlina
Building a robust Optical Character Recognition (OCR) system for languages, such as Arabic with cursive scripts, has always been challenging. These challenges increase if the text contains diacritics of different sizes for characters and words. Apart from the complexity of the used font, these challenges must be addressed in recognizing the text of the Holy Quran. To solve these challenges, the OCR system would have to undergo different phases. Each problem would have to be addressed using different approaches, thus, researchers are studying these challenges and proposing various solutions. This has motivate this study to review Arabic OCR dataset because the dataset plays a major role in determining the nature of the OCR systems. State-of-the-art approaches in segmentation and recognition are discovered with the implementation of Recurrent Neural Networks (Long Short-Term Memory-LSTM and Gated Recurrent Unit-GRU) with the use of the Connectionist Temporal Classification (CTC). This also includes deep learning model and implementation of GRU in the Arabic domain. This paper has contribute in profiling the Arabic text recognition dataset thus determining the nature of OCR system developed and has identified research direction in building Arabic text recognition dataset.
text recognition, dataset, Quranic, OCR, Arabic