_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%F8^F8C^F8C7F1CB%%header.tpl.php line 24 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1869 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%F8^F8C^F8C7F1CB%%head...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 177 Function: Smarty->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%paper.tpl.php line 6 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1256 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%pape...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1106 Function: Smarty->fetch("paper/paper.tpl", Null, Null, True) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 234 Function: Smarty->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 247 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 63 Function: PaperHandler->viewPaper(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 177 Function: PaperHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 130 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 170 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/index.php line 65 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.4.20 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysql DB server version: 5.5.30-log
2012-11-22"/> _smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%F8^F8C^F8C7F1CB%%header.tpl.php line 24 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1869 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%F8^F8C^F8C7F1CB%%head...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 177 Function: Smarty->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%paper.tpl.php line 6 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1256 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%pape...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1106 Function: Smarty->fetch("paper/paper.tpl", Null, Null, True) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 234 Function: Smarty->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 247 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 63 Function: PaperHandler->viewPaper(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 177 Function: PaperHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 130 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 170 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/index.php line 65 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.4.20 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysql DB server version: 5.5.30-log
ocs2 has produced an error Message: WARNING: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. In file: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/plugins/modifier.date_format.php At line: 53 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(2, "strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone sett...", "/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/plugins/modifier.dat...", 53, Array(4)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/plugins/modifier.date_format.php line 53 Function: strftime("%Y-%m-%d", 1347667032) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%EF^EF0^EF035184%%dublincore.tpl.php line 47 Function: smarty_modifier_date_format("2012-09-14 23:57:12", "%Y-%m-%d") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1869 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%EF^EF0^EF035184%%dubl...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 177 Function: Smarty->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%F8^F8C^F8C7F1CB%%header.tpl.php line 24 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1869 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%F8^F8C^F8C7F1CB%%head...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 177 Function: Smarty->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%paper.tpl.php line 6 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1256 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%pape...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1106 Function: Smarty->fetch("paper/paper.tpl", Null, Null, True) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 234 Function: Smarty->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 247 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 63 Function: PaperHandler->viewPaper(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 177 Function: PaperHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 130 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 170 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/index.php line 65 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.4.20 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysql DB server version: 5.5.30-log
2012-09-14"/> _smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%F8^F8C^F8C7F1CB%%header.tpl.php line 24 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1869 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%F8^F8C^F8C7F1CB%%head...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 177 Function: Smarty->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%paper.tpl.php line 6 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1256 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%pape...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1106 Function: Smarty->fetch("paper/paper.tpl", Null, Null, True) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 234 Function: Smarty->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 247 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 63 Function: PaperHandler->viewPaper(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 177 Function: PaperHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 130 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 170 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/index.php line 65 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.4.20 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysql DB server version: 5.5.30-log
ocs2 has produced an error Message: WARNING: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. In file: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/plugins/modifier.date_format.php At line: 53 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(2, "strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone sett...", "/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/plugins/modifier.dat...", 53, Array(4)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/plugins/modifier.date_format.php line 53 Function: strftime("%Y-%m-%d", 1347667032) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%EF^EF0^EF035184%%dublincore.tpl.php line 49 Function: smarty_modifier_date_format("2012-09-14 23:57:12", "%Y-%m-%d") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1869 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%EF^EF0^EF035184%%dubl...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 177 Function: Smarty->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%F8^F8C^F8C7F1CB%%header.tpl.php line 24 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1869 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%F8^F8C^F8C7F1CB%%head...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 177 Function: Smarty->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%paper.tpl.php line 6 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1256 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%pape...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1106 Function: Smarty->fetch("paper/paper.tpl", Null, Null, True) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 234 Function: Smarty->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 247 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 63 Function: PaperHandler->viewPaper(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 177 Function: PaperHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 130 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 170 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/index.php line 65 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.4.20 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysql DB server version: 5.5.30-log
2012-09-14"/>

Konferens FSSK (FSSK Conferences), INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOCIAL SCIENCES & HUMANITIES 2012

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A COGNITIVE STUDY OF “HAPPINESS” METAPHORS IN ENGLISH AND PERSIAN
Fatemeh Safarnejad

Last modified: ocs2 has produced an error Message: WARNING: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. In file: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/plugins/shared.make_timestamp.php At line: 34 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(2, "strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone set...", "/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/plugins/shared.make_...", 34, Array(1)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/plugins/shared.make_timestamp.php line 34 Function: strtotime("2012-09-14 23:57:12") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/plugins/modifier.date_format.php line 34 Function: smarty_make_timestamp("2012-09-14 23:57:12") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%paper.tpl.php line 48 Function: smarty_modifier_date_format("2012-09-14 23:57:12", "%d-%m-%Y") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1256 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%pape...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1106 Function: Smarty->fetch("paper/paper.tpl", Null, Null, True) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 234 Function: Smarty->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 247 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 63 Function: PaperHandler->viewPaper(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 177 Function: PaperHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 130 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 170 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/index.php line 65 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.4.20 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysql DB server version: 5.5.30-log
ocs2 has produced an error Message: WARNING: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. In file: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/plugins/modifier.date_format.php At line: 53 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(2, "strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone sett...", "/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/plugins/modifier.dat...", 53, Array(4)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/plugins/modifier.date_format.php line 53 Function: strftime("%d-%m-%Y", 1347667032) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%paper.tpl.php line 48 Function: smarty_modifier_date_format("2012-09-14 23:57:12", "%d-%m-%Y") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1256 Function: include("/srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/cache/t_compile/%%71^71C^71CFB17E%%pape...") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1106 Function: Smarty->fetch("paper/paper.tpl", Null, Null, True) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 234 Function: Smarty->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 247 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("paper/paper.tpl") File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/pages/paper/PaperHandler.inc.php line 63 Function: PaperHandler->viewPaper(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 177 Function: PaperHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 130 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 170 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /srv/www/htdocs/fsskconf/index.php line 65 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.4.20 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysql DB server version: 5.5.30-log
14-09-2012

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Emotive metaphorical expressions represent a well-researched area in the study of cognitive theories of metaphor. Emotive metaphorical expressions are widely used in people’s everyday language and thinking.  The present study  illustrates how metaphorical expressions of happiness are employed in English and Persian. The researchers collected a set of English and Persian emotive metaphorical expressions of happiness from different sources, including the works of Kövecses and Lakoff  in English, and a literary work in Persian. The Conceptual Metaphor Theory (Lakoff & Johnson1980,1999) was adopted as a model for comparison. Then, emotive metaphorical expressions of happiness were gathered and regrouped into major and minor categories according to their metaphorical mappings. The findings of this comparative analysis show that, Persian and English languages remarkably share some similarities in metaphorical systems of happiness concept i.e.  emotive metaphorical expressions of happiness are primarily based on common bodily experience. Consequently, the similarities are mostly attributed to the universality of metaphorical concepts, whereas  disparities are related to two different thinking modes and different cultural modes in metaphorical expressions used in Persian and English.


Keywords


metaphorical expression; conceptualization; happiness; cognition