The Institute of Malaysian and International Studies (IKMAS) was established on 1 April 1995 as a centre for research in the social sciences at The National University of Malaysia (UKM). On 15 August 2013, the Institute was merged with the Institute of Occidental Studies (IKON) and the Institute of West Asian Studies (IKRAB). Knowledge mapping on branches and graduate studies at IKMAS centre on market, governance, society and culture, taking into consideration globalization and occidentalism. Based on such knowledge mapping, IKMAS now has four centres: (1) Asia; (2) the Occidental regions; (3) Latin America; and (4) West Asia.