To educate and to increase the knowledge in the field of civil engineering through the sharing of current technical knowledge and latest finding with engineering practitioners.
To encourage research to build the principles and better engineering designs in order to give opportunity to a civil engineer to gain expertise in a specific field
To promote cooperation between the university and industries where UKM may initiate research or solving problems that may catalyse the civil engineering industries and related fields
1. Lightweight Composite Structures
This group conducts research on lightweight composite structures based on various lightweight materials. This includes profiled steel sheeting/dryboard system and profiled steel sheeting/lightweight concrete system. The main aim of the research is to develop an industrialised building system which is of higher quality, cost effective, and that can be built rapidly as an alternative to traditional forms of construction. The research topics are as follows :
· Basic components characteristics.
· Floor structural behaviour.
· Wall structural behaviour.
· Roof structural behaviour.
· Jointing system between panels.
· Vibration characteristics.
· Fire resistance.
· Water resistance.
· Sound resistance.
· Softwares for analysis and design.
· Industrialised building system.
· Cost analysis.
· Applications in other structures.
2. Geotechnical Engineering
Research topics in geotechnical engineering deals with the engineering behaviour and modeling of Malaysian soils, i.e. residual soil, marine clay and peat. The increasing environmental concern has led to a greater emphasis on the various aspects of environmental geotechnology. Some of the geotechnical and geoenvironmental research topics are outlined as below :
· Mechanics of residual soils - properties, behaviour, modeling of saturated and unsaturated residual soils; rainfall induced slope instability and field monitoring; application of geosynthetics in residual soil.
· Modeling of marine clays - advanced modeling of Malaysian marine clays under the various construction stress paths; tunnelling and excavation in soft clays.
· Engineering behaviour of peat - consolidation behaviour; secondary compression theories.
· Environmental geotechnology - soil-contaminant interaction, contaminant transport in soil, contaminated soil clean-up, landfill geotechnics.
· In situ testing - use of seismic and surface waves techniques for determination of soil properties in foundation design and environmental control.
· Rock mechanics - cut rock slope stability; influence and identification of geological formations including microcracks and microfissures; tunnelling in rock.
3. Construction Materials
The research group engaged on research on ordinary and high performance concrete and other related construction materials. The research mainly focuses on producing quality and cost effective construction materials those made from mortar and concrete as base materials. Included in the research programs also research on the testing techniques and the maintenance of concrete buildings. Research topics are as follows :
· Characterization of ultrasonic wave propagated in ordinary and high performance concrete.
· Expert system on the maintenance of concrete buildings.
· Chloride corrosion on concrete buildings.
· Blocks and thin sheets of building materials from fibre-reinforced mortar.
· Physical and mechanical properties of high performance concrete.
· Use of waste material as a cement and aggregate replacement in concrete.
· Development of expanded lightweight clay aggregate concrete.
· Finite element analysis of reinforced high performance concrete beam.
4. Expert Systems for Solid Waste Management
The main research thrust is in IT applications for solid waste management, specifically focussing on expert systems. It is an attempt to harness expertise in an important domain and exploit the potential of the latest in computing technology to produce user-friendly systems for the non-computer specialist. Expert systems are being developed incorporating the latest IT trends such as object-oriented approach and distributed computing (JAVA-based applications). Some of the specific projects are :
· Development of an expert system for solid waste management.
· Development of an expert system for operation of sanitary landfills.
· Development of an expert system for solid waste collection system.
· JAVA-based development of an expert system - GIS hybrid for site selection of sanitary landfills.
5. Intelligent Traffic Management System for Urban Road Network
The objective of the research project is to develop a traffic management system for urban traffic using latest available technologies. It consists of image processing technique for obtaining traffic parameters such as volume, queue length and speed. In addition the software and hardware are being developed for traffic controller that responds intelligently to actual traffic demand.
6. Water Resources Engineering
Water Engineering at Department of Civil and Structural Engineering includes various fields such as Hydrology, Hydraulics, River Engineering, Water Supply Engineering, Groundwater Engineering and Maritime Civil Engineering. Knowledge in these fields are important in solving many water related problems - such as water supply, water pollution and water treatment processes, catchment area management, river erosion, coastal erosion, constructions of hydraulics structures - dams, reservoirs, man-made lake etc. Water crisis faced by our country recently indicates the importance of this field in our daily life. This group involves actively in various research and consultancy activities. Research topics carried out at both undergraduates and postgraduates levels include :
· Study of Water Catchment and River Basin Management System.
· Influence of Industrial Zone Developments on Hydrology Regime and Surface Runoff.
· Flood Modeling of the Klang River basin using GIS.
· Discharge and quality modeling of the Klang River basin using EPA-Storm.
· Water Management Model.
· Development of a Pollution Hydrology Model using a Raster Cell Approach