Sains Malaysiana 44(3)(2015): 309–316


Utilization of the White-rot Fungus, Trametes menziesiifor Landfill Leachate Treatment

(Penggunaan Kulat Busuk Putih, Trametes menziesiiuntuk Pengolahan Bahan Larut Lesap Tanah Isian)





1Mushroom Research Centre, University of Malaya, Faculty of Science,

Institute of Biological Sciences, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


2Faculty of Applied Sciences, MARA University of Technology, 40450 Shah Alam,

Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia


Received: 22 April 2014/Accepted: 30 August 2014




The study monitored the characteristics of the leachate collected from ten different landfills and presented the experimental work for the treatment of leachate by immobilized Trametes menziesii. Variation in biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ammoniacal nitrogen (NH3-N) showed that the age of the leachate has a significant effect on its characteristics and composition. The BOD5/COD ratio tends to decrease as the age of leachate increases, varying from 0.71 for a relatively 'fresh' leachate to 0.62 for an older (more stabilized) one. Variations in the characteristics of the leachate suggested that these leachates are difficult to treat. The principal pollutants in the leachate samples were organic and ammonia loads. Treatment of leachate using immobilized Trametes menziesii achieved 89.14 and 2.11% removals for leachate BOD5 and COD, respectively. These findings suggested that using immobilized Trametes menziesii can remove promising percentage of BOD and COD leachate.


Keywords: BOD; COD; leachate; white-rot fungi



Pencirian bahan larut lesap daripada 10 tanah isian berbeza dan hasil eksperimen dalam pengolahan bahan larut lesap oleh kultur pegun Trametes menziesii telah dikaji. BOD5, COD dan NH3-N yang bervariasi menunjukkan bahawa usia bahan larut lesap memberikan kesan yang signifikan ke atas ciri dan kandungan bahan larut lesap. Nisbah BOD5/COD menunjukkan pengurangan apabila usia bahan larut lesap meningkat, ia 0.71 bagi bahan larut lesap yang 'baru' dan 0.62 bagi bahan larut lesap yang lebih berusia. Ciri-ciri bahan larut lesap yang bervariasi menyebabkan ia sukar untuk diolah. Bahan cemar yang utama dalam bahan larut lesap adalah bahan organik dan ammonia. Pengolahan bahan larut lesap oleh kultur pegun Trametes menziesii mencatat 89.14 dan 2.11% pembuangan BOD5 dan COD bahan larut lesap. Penemuan ini mencadangkan bahawa penggunaan kultur pegun Trametes menziesii berupaya untuk menyingkirkan bahan larut lesap BOD5 dan COD dalam peratusan yang menggalakkan.


Kata kunci: Bahan larut lesap; BOD; COD; kulat busuk putih



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