Sains Malaysiana 47(6)(2018): 1167–1179


Synthesis, Characterization and Adsorption Study of C-4-Phenacyloxy-phenylcalix[4]resorcinarene for Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) Ions

(Sintesis, Pencirian dan Kajian Jerapan C-4-fenasiloksifenilkaliks[4]resorsinarena terhadap Pb(II), Cd(II) dan Cr(III))




1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia


2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Jl. dr. Soeparno Karangwangkal, Purwokerto 53122, Indonesia


3Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia


Diserahkan: 23 November 2017/Diterima: 6 Januari 2018



C-4-phenacyloxy phenyl calix[4]resorcinarene (CPPCR) was synthesized by acidic condensation of 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and resorcinol. The adsorption of CPPCR for Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) has been studied by measuring the metal concentration in aqueous solution using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS). The effects of solution pH, contact time and initial concentration of metal ions on the adsorption capacity of CPPCR were investigated. The adsorption kinetic of all the ions obeyed the Ho and McKay pseudo 2nd order rate law and the adsorption isotherm profile matched very well with Langmuir model. The separation factor (RL) of CPPCR for Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) were 0.190, 0.017, and 0.065, respectively, indicating the formation of monolayer behaviour. The Gibb free energy (ΔG) of the adsorption for all the metal ions have negative values indicating the adsorption process of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) by CPPCR are spontaneous.


Keywords: Calix[4]resorsinarene; ion adsorption; isotherm adsorption; kinetics adsorption; 4-phenacyloxybenzaldehyde



C-4-fenasilloksifenilcalix[4]resorsinarena (CPPCR) telah disintesis melalui tindak balas berasid antara 4-hidroksilbenzaldehid dan resorsinol. Penjerapan terhadap Pb(II), Cd(II) dan Cr(III) oleh CPPCR telah dikaji dengan mengukur kepekatan logam dalam larutan akueous menggunakan spektrofotometer serapan atom (AAS). Kesan pH larutan, masa sentuhan dan kepekatan awal ion logam ke atas kapasiti jerapan CPPCR telah dijalankan. Kinetik jerapan bagi semua ion logam tersebut mematuhi hukum pseudo-2 Ho dan McKay serta profil isoterma jerapan pula menyetujui model Langmuir. Faktor pemisahan (RL) bagi Pb(II), Cd(II) dan Cr(III) masing-masing adalah 0.190, 0.017 dan 0.065 yang menunjukkan berlaku tabii monolapisan. Nilai tenaga bebas Gibb bagi penjerapan semua logam bernilai negatif sekaligus menunjukkan proses yang spontan.


Kata kunci: Kaliks[4]resorsinarena; penjerapan ion; penjerapan isoterma; penjerapan kinetik; 4-fenasiloksibenzaldehid



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