Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences Vol 23 No 1 (2019): 1 - 13

DOI: 10.17576/mjas-2019-2301-01






(Tanda Kenalan Unik Madu Sebagai Satu Cara Menentukan Provenans)


Syazwani Dzolin1, Wan Aini Wan Ibrahim1, 2*, Naji Arafat Mahat1, Aemi Syazwani Abdul Keyon1, Zuhaimy Ismail3


1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science

2Centre for Sustainable Nanomaterials, Ibnu Sina Institute for Scientific and Industrial Research

3Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia


*Corresponding author:,



Received: 8 August 2018; Accepted: 12 December 2018




Global consumer demands for high quality genuine honey are increasing continuously. The ability to identify the geographical and botanical origins of honey would be of great importance to the improvement of quality control, as well as protection of reputation and confidence of the honey industry. The establishment of unique signatures of honey is one of the potential approaches for honey provenance. A great deal of literature has been published on honey authenticity and provenance. However, specific study focusing on the provenance of honey, especially those of the stingless bee species is lacking, especially in Malaysia. Consequently, this mini review is to highlight the presence of biomarkers in honeys for establishing their provenance via the application of spectroscopy and chemometric techniques.


Keywords:  stingless bee, bee honey authenticity, provenance, spectroscopy, chemometric



Permintaan global pengguna terhadap madu tulen kualiti tinggi meningkat secara berterusan. Keupayaan untuk mengenal-pasti asal geografi dan botani madu akan menjadi amat penting kepada peningkatan kawalan kualiti, serta melindungi reputasi dan keyakinan industri madu. Kewujudan tanda kenalan unik madu adalah salah satu pendekatan yang berpotensi untuk asal madu. Banyak manuskrip telah diterbitkan untuk keaslian madu dan provenans. Walau bagaimanapun, kajian khusus yang memberi tumpuan kepada provenans madu, terutama bagi lebah tanpa sengat adalah sedikit terutamanya di Malaysia. Oleh itu, kajian tinjauan mini ini adalah untuk menyoroti kehadiran penanda bio dalam madu untuk menentukan provenansnya penggunaan teknik spektroskopi dan kemometrik.


Kata kunci:  lebah tanpa sengat, keaslian madu lebah, provenans, spektroskopi, kemometrik



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