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Centre for Collaborative Innovation
What is IP?
An exclusive right granted for an invention (product or process).
Provides a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem.
The invention must be of practical use, novel & shows an inventive step which could not deduced by a person with average knowledge of the technical field.
The subject matter must be accepted as “patentable” under law
Maximum duration : 20 years.
Covers literary, musical, dramatic choreography, pantomime, pictorial, graphic, sculptural works, screenplays, sound recordings, architectural designs and software in its literal (coded) form. Protects only physical representation of a work and not the idea, concept, procedures or underlying processes.
Has monopoly on reproduction, use, license, performance, distribution, public performance, display broadcast, derivative works and digital transmission of the technology.
Maximum duration : 50 years after death of author.
Relates to the aesthetic or outward appearance of a product to make more attractive and appealing in order to influence the decision of consumers to prefer one product over another.
Helps companies to differentiate their products from those of competitors and enhance the brand image of their products.
Do not need to be registered with government, but can be ®.
Lasts forever, unless there is successful claim against the authors’ or the author stops using and enforcing it.
Maximum duration : 10 years, renewable for a period of every 10 years thereafter.
NEW PLANT VARIETY
Protects new plant varieties through GM or breeding.
Once registered, the duration of protection for a registered plant variety which is new, distinct, uniform and stable is 20 years from the filing date of the application for registration, whereas for a registered plant variety that is new, distinct and identifiable, the term of protection is 15 years.
As for trees and vines, the duration of protection is 25 years from the filing date of the application for registration.
Refers to knowledge which only you possess and which you have only revealed under a non-disclosure/confidentiality agreement.
Not slowed by formal IP processes, but this sacrifices legally enforceable monopoly.
Maximum duration : unlimited.
INTEGRATED CIRCUIT LAYOUTS
Protects IC chip designs.
Maximum duration : 10 years from the date it is first commercially exploited. The protection granted lapses 15 years after the date it is created.
Protects quality, reputation or other characteristic attributable to geographical origin.
Maximum duration : 10 years from the date of filing and is renewable for every ten years as long as it is still in use.