Updated March 2005
Conflict is a critical
obstacle to development in Africa
- One in four African countries presently suffers
from the effects of armed conflict.
- The number of African casualties of conflict
exceeds that of all other regions combined. In 2000,
the total number of deaths reached 1,675,000 (Based on
WHO data, 2001).
- About one-fifth of Africans live in countries
severely disrupted by conflict.
- 46 percent of all developing countries affected
by conflict are in Africa.
- Approximately 15 million Africans are currently
internally displaced; around 4.5 million have sought
refuge in neighboring countries.
- For the average country in Africa, half of the
indicators point to a risk of conflict.
- Wars and insecurity are associated with
increasing out-migration, humanitarian catastrophes,
epidemics, HIV/AIDS, criminal and terrorist
Bank assistance in
Two Operational Policies, Development Cooperation and
Conflict and Emergency Recovery
Assistance provide a framework for the
World Bank engagement. The Bank provides financial and
technical assistance to African countries affected by
conflict in the form of an immediate support in
assessing the emergency’s impact and developing a
recovery strategy; restructuring the existing World Bank
portfolio to support recovery activities; and providing
emergency recovery loans. The Bank takes a comprehensive
approach to ensuring conflict sensitivity in its
operations including initiatives to promote economic
recovery; address social sector needs; assist vulnerable
groups; build institutional capacity; revitalize local
communities; restore social capital; demobilize and
reintegrate ex-combatants; and reintegrate displaced
The Bank is currently involved with over 20 African
conflict-affected countries. There are currently 8
completed Transitional Support Strategies, 82 projects
worth $5.5 billion under implementation, $25 million in
grants from Post Conflict Fund and Low Income Countries
Under Stress (LICUS) Trust Fund, ongoing comprehensive
assessments ( Sudan, Nigeria, Central African Republic,
Chad and Uganda).
The Multi-Country Demobilization and
Reintegration Program is one of the major
programs focused on conflict in the Great Lakes
Role of the
Political support : Upon request,
the Bank provides technical assistance to peace
negotiators to inform the parties of the economic
development implications of peace agreement provisions.
The Bank also supports institutions building,
transparency, good governance, and representative
structures to enhance the preparation and implementation
of policies and programs.
Financial support : The Bank
assesses post-conflict reconstruction needs;
co-organizes resource mobilization meetings; and
provides financial assistance during the recovery
Aid effectiveness : The Bank
provides leadership for aid coordination or firm support
to donors/agencies that are taking the lead; identifies,
with local stakeholders and international partners, the
most effective aid delivery mechanisms; and monitors
Security sector : The Bank supports
well-timed demobilization and reintegration programs for
Regional dimensions of conflicts :
The Bank provides assessment of the costs of conflict on
neighboring countries and helps build a long-term vision
for regional development among neighboring countries;
and supports cross-border trade.