Sains Malaysiana 49(12)(2020): 3189-3196

http://dx.doi.org/10.17576/jsm-2020-4912-30

 

Characteristics of Gadolinium Doped Cerium at Different Calcination Temperatures for Intermediate Temperature SOFC

(Pencirian Sifat Gadolinium Terdop Serium pada Suhu Kalsinasi Berbeza untuk Suhu Pertengahan SOFC)

 

DAMISIH1, ADE UTAMI HAPSARI1, AGUSTANHAKRI1, YELVIA DENI1, OKA PRADIPTA ARJASA1, MAHENDRA ANGGARAVIDYA1, JAROT RAHARJO1* & MAHENDRA RAO SOMALU2

 

1Center for Materials Technology, Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology, Building 224, Puspiptek Area, South Tangerang 15314, Indonesia

 

2Fuel Cell Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

 

Diserahkan: 6 Ogos 2020/Diterima: 11 September 2020

 

ABSTRACT

Gadolinium doped cerium (Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 or GDC10) was successfully synthesized using the solid-state method. Commercially available CeO2 and Gd2O3 powders were used as starting materials. They were mixed in a ball mill where alumina balls were added as grinding medium with the ratio to powders as of 1:2. The obtained powders were dried and then calcined at temperatures of 600, 700 and 800 °C, respectively. The objective of this research was to investigate the effects of calcination temperature on the properties of GDC10. The powders were characterized using XRF, TGA, XRD, and PSA instruments. XRF analysis shows the presence of Ce, Gd and O elements in stoichiometric composition without any impurities. XRD analysis showed single phase structure of CeO2 where the crystallite size and lattice parameter increases and decreases, respectively, as the calcination temperature increases. The smallest particle size of 647.3 nm was obtained at the calcination temperature of 600 °C. The density of all GDC10 samples sintered at 1350 °C was found to be higher than 95%. In addition, the calcination temperature also influenced the ionic conductivity where the highest obtained value was 0.0153 S.cm-1 at 800 °C for the sample calcinaed at 600 °C. The results suggest that the calcination temperature affected the properties of GDC10 for solid oxide fuel cell application.

 

Keywords: Ball milling; calcination temperature; IT-SOFC; solid-state

 

ABSTRAK

Gadolinium terdop cerium (Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 atau GDC10) telah berjaya disintesis dengan menggunakan kaedah keadaan pepejal. Serbuk CeO2 dan Gd2O3 yang tersedia komersial digunakan sebagai bahan pertama tindak balas. Kesemua bahan pemula telah dicampur dalam pengisar beboladengan bebola alumina digunakan sebagai medium pengisar dengan nisbah kepada serbuk ialah 1:2. Serbuk yang diperoleh dikeringkan dan kemudian masing-masing dikalsin pada suhu 600, 700 dan 800