Sains Malaysiana 50(4)(2021): 1113-1120

http://doi.org/10.17576/jsm-2021-5004-21

 

Evaluation of Safety Performance of Level Crossings in Turkey with Data Envelopment Analysis

(Penilaian Prestasi Keselamatan Lintasan Kereta Api di Turki dengan Analisis Penyampulan Data)

 

KÜRŞAT YILDIZ1 & HARUN KINACI2*

 

1Gazi University, Technology Faculty, Civil Engineering Department, Technical Schools

06500, Ankara, Turkey

 

2Erciyes University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences Department of Business, 38225, Kayseri, Turkey

 

Diserahkan: 2 November 2019/Diterima: 3 September 2020

 

ABSTRACT

Level crossing, also known as railroad and highway crossings, pose a risk to those who use both modes of transport due to collisions that may occur. This risk associated with level crossings is of great importance both in Turkey and in the world. In this study, data envelopment analysis was performed on the accident data occurring on five types of level crossings in Turkey and a measurement of safety performances of level crossings in Turkey was provided. As a result of the analysis, the most efficient three-level crossings were found to be Hilal-Bandırma in Manisa, Samsun-Kalın in Amasya_1, and Samsun-Kalın in Amasya_2. In addition, a linear regression model that serves with the variables which are the components of level crossing and the number of accidents is established. In this model, it is seen that the ratio of independent variables to dependent variables was statistically significant.

 

Keywords: Accident; data envelopment analysis; level crossing; safety performance

 

ABSTRAK

Lintasan kereta api, juga dikenali sebagai landasan kereta api dan lintasan lebuh raya, dapat menimbulkan risiko kepada mereka yang menggunakan kaedah pengangkutan ini atas sebab wujudnya kemungkinan pelanggaran yang akan berlaku. Risiko ini dikaitkan apabila lintasan kereta api adalah amat penting bagi negara Turki dan dunia. Daripada