Sains Malaysiana 50(7)(2021): 1885-1899


Fluvial-Tidal to Fluvial-Lacustrine Sedimentation of the Middle Miocene to Pleistocene Mapia Formation, Dogiyai, Papua (Indonesia)

(Pengendapan Fluvium-Pasang Surut hingga Fluvium- Lakustrin daripada Penghasilan Mapia Miosen Tengah hingga Pleistosen, Dogiyai, Papua (Indonesia))




Centre for Geological Survey, Geological Agency, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Jl. Diponegoro No.57 40122 Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia


Diserahkan: 16 Mac 2020/Diterima: 19 November 2020



A sedimentological and palynological investigation was carried out on outcropping sedimentary rocks at Dogiyai, Papua, proposed to be named as the Mapia Formation. The age range is from Middle Miocene to Pleistocene. The lower Mapia Formation was deposited at Metroxylon type to Nothofagus emarcida Zone, Middle Miocene to Early Pliocene. It is comprised of three facies associations: tidal channel, tidal point bar, and tidal flat deposits. A tidally dominated fluvially influenced depositional environment is suggested for the deposition of sediments of this unit. The upper Mapia Formation was deposited at Malvacipollis diversus Zone, Garcinia cuspidata type Zone, and Proteacidites sp. Zone, Late Pliocene to Pleistocene. It is comprised of five facies associations: delta front, slump, debrite, turbidite, and lacustrine mud deposits. A non-channelized deep-lacustrine slump and debris-flow dominated depositional environment is suggested for the deposition of sediments of this unit. The lower Mapia Formation was deposited as synorogenic clastic sediments at the beginning of Central Range orogeny event while the upper Mapia Formation was deposited in the piggyback basin at the major uplift event.


Keywords: Central Range orogeny; Indonesia; Mapia formation; Middle Miocene-Pleistocene; Papua



Penyelidikan sedimentologi dan palinologi dilakukan terhadap singkapan batuan sedimen di Dogiyai, Papua, yang diusulkan untuk disebut sebagai Penghasilan Mapia. Julat umur adalah daripada Miosen Tengah hingga Pleistosen. Penghasilan Mapia yang lebih rendah disimpan pada jenis Metroxylon ke ZonNothofagus emarcida, Miosen Tengah hingga Pliosen Awal. Ia terdiri daripada tiga kumpulan fasies: saluran pasang surut, bar titik pasang surut dan deposit rata pasang surut. Persekitaran penyimpanan yang fluvium terpengaruh pasang surut terdominan disarankan untuk penyimpanan endapan unit ini. Penghasilan Mapia atas disimpan di Zon Malvacipollis diversus, Zon jenisGarcinia cuspidata, dan ZonProteacidites sp., Akhir Pliosen hingga Pleistosen. Ia terdiri daripada lima kumpulan fasies: permukaan delta, nendat, debrit, turbidit, dan penyimpan lumpur lakustrin. Persekitaran pemendapan nendat lakustrin dalam yang tak disalur dan aliran puing yang terdominan adalah dicadangkan untuk penyimpanan endapan unit ini. Penghasilan Mapia yang lebih rendah disimpan sebagai endapan klastik sinorogenik pada awal kejadian orogeni Julat Pusat sementara Formasi Mapia atas disimpan di lembangan gendong pada kejadian peningkatan besar.


Kata kunci: Formasi Mapia; Indonesia; Miosen-Pleistocene tengah; orogeni Julat Pusat; Papua



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