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Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia

57 (3) 2023


Does Food Inflation Affect Infant and Child Mortality? Evidence from Indonesia

Faculty of Economics and Business
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Jl. Sosiohumaniora no. 1, Bulaksumur, UGM
Yogyakarta, 55281, INDONESIA.

hwahyuni@ugm.ac.id

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of food inflation on infant and child mortality in Indonesia, employing panel estimation with provincial fixed effects. Data from the Indonesia Demographic Health Survey, Statistics Indonesia, and the Ministry of Finance, which has been underexplored in previous studies, is used. Mortality is measured using the infant mortality, under-five mortality, child mortality, neonatal mortality, and post-neonatal mortality rates. The study controls for provincial characteristics namely, political stability, crime rates, socio-cultural differences, and provincial governments’ effectiveness in promoting infant and child health programs. The study found that food inflation and certain socioeconomic characteristics (literacy, per capita gross domestic product, and professions), have a significant influence on infant and child mortality in Indonesia. The study also found that the impact of food inflation is higher in vulnerable groups, specifically in the eastern provinces of Indonesia and those outside Java-Bali. The results contribute to policies related to food inflation and child health, particularly in developing countries with regional disparities similar to Indonesia.

 

Keywords

child mortality; Food inflation; Indonesia; provincial fixed effect; vulnerable groups regional disparities

JEL Codes

C180, E310, I120, I150, O100

Bibliography

Export Bibliography

Wahyuni, H. (2023). Does Food Inflation Affect Infant and Child Mortality? Evidence from Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, 57(3), –. http://dx.doi.org/10.17576/JEM-2023-5703-06

@article{wahyuni2023does,
  title={Does Food Inflation Affect Infant and Child Mortality? Evidence from Indonesia},
  author={Wahyuni, Heni},
  journal={Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia},
  volume={57},
  number={3},
  pages={—},
  year={2023},
}


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