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Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia

55 (3) 2021 35 – 48


High-Technology Trade: Does it Enhance National Competitiveness?

Kulliyyah of Economics & Management Sciences
International Islamic University Malaysia
P.O. Box 10, 50728 Kuala Lumpur
MALAYSIA.

zerazuryana@iium.edu.my

School of Business and Economics
Universiti Putra Malaysia
43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor
MALAYSIA

nwi@upm.edu.my

School of Business and Economics
Universiti Putra Malaysia
43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor
MALAYSIA

saifuzzaman@upm.edu.my

School of Business and Economics
Universiti Putra Malaysia
43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor
MALAYSIA

hannyzurina@upm.edu.my

Abstract

This study aims to explore the impact of technological development through international trade activities on national competitiveness. As such, the objective of this paper is to empirically examine the impact of engaging in high-tech trade, both exports and imports, on national competitiveness. The research was carried out on a sample of 20 major high-tech exporting countries, over the period 2007 to 2016. An econometric analysis of panel data was employed. Considering the Global Competitiveness Index as the dependent variable, the results indicate that both high-tech exports and imports positively affect national competitiveness. Specifically, the exports of high-tech force technological development and improve national competitiveness. The imports of high-tech act as a mechanism for technology transfer and positively influence national competitiveness. The findings imply that it will be beneficial for a country to identify and develop potential high-tech industries in order to achieve a higher level of national competitiveness.

 

Keywords

GCI; innovation; International trade; national competitiveness; technology development

JEL Codes

F14, O33

Bibliography

Export Bibliography

, , Idris, Z. Z., Ismail, N. W., Ibrahim, S., & Hamzah, H. Z. (2021). High-Technology Trade: Does it Enhance National Competitiveness?. Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, 55(3), 35–48. http://dx.doi.org/10.17576/JEM-2021-5503-03

@article{idris2021high-technology
  title={High-Technology Trade: Does it Enhance National Competitiveness?},
  author={, and Idris, Zera Zuryana and Ismail, Normaz Wana and Ibrahim, Saifuzzaman and Hamzah, Hanny Zurina},
  journal={Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia},
  volume={55},
  number={3},
  pages={35—48},
  year={2021},
}


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