2023 8(2)


The Relationship Between Non-Halal Animals and Pandemic Diseases  According to the Shafie School of Islamic Law

Mohamed Faiz Asyraf Razali
Faculty of Syaria and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Amalina Ahmad Tajudin
Faculty of Syaria and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Ahmad Syukran Baharuddin, ahmadsyukran@usim.edu.my
Faculty of Syaria and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Ummu Hani Roslin
Faculty of Syaria and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Received: October 16, 2023 | Revised: December 13, 2023 | Accepted: December 14, 2023 | Published: December 15, 2023

2023, Vol. 8(2), pp. 53-60.  |  PDF

Humans have been confused about the type of animal to become a daily consumption. Many research has proven the link between animals and the onset of disease. In recent years, many diseases of animal origin have spread, and some have been classified as pandemics, for example, SARS, MERS, COVID-19, and Ebola. Most of these diseases are caused by zoonotic creatures that are derived from animals. This research aims to find the relationship between the pandemic diseases and animals via analyses based on Islamic law. The study utilised qualitative methodology as the main framework. Secondary data related to the record of disease emergence from animal consumption and Halal principles literature have been collected. Findings show that most animals that spread diseases are illegal or prohibited to consume in Islam, e.g., pigs, bats, and pangolins. In Islam, principles of Halal principles are used to control food choices. These principles are built on the basis that all things consumed in the human body must be allowed by the Quran and hadith, clean, permissible, and safe. Therefore, Islam has laid down some conditions related to animal consumption. Findings also proved the relationship between the cause of the pandemic disease and prohibited animals based on Halal principles. Halal principles can be considered a comprehensive instrument compromising Islamic law in food consumption and recent human necessities. This study suggests more research to be conducted in exploring the impact of Halal principles towards human food consumption in avoiding diseases..

Pandemic Diseases, Animal, Food Consumption, Halal Principles.

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