Community health is one of the disciplines in science which aims to increase the standard of physical, mental and social health in individual, family and society level through organized cooperation from individual, family, society and health and among the medical services providers. Community health practice emphasizes the management of resources and facilities to achieve optimum standard of physical, mental and social health by the population.
Community health scope include functions such as community planning, organizing, coordinating and monitoring to ensure a comprehensive health service to fulfill the needs of society, in which it could be accessed, accepted and used by all the members of the society. An individual who is responsible for community health, whether national, state, district or a special unit of a specific service, must have extended training in community health. These individuals include doctors, nurses, scientists, engineers, lawyers, economists, social or administrative officers, and others.
In recent years, community health has been recognized as one of the disciplines which developed tremendously at an international level. Many higher learning institutions in developed and developing countries, offer community health studies at postgraduate level i.e. Master level and doctorate level.
Community health specialisation progressively develops following the development and needs of a country. Scopes of specialisation offered under Master of Community Health Science cover the basic specializations in community health. These include occupational health, environmental health, family health, hospital management and health economics, statistics and epidemiology and health promotion. Within these basic specialisation, new developments in each area are continuously introduced based on the needs of the stakeholders in the community and country.
Master of Community Health Science specialized in hospital management and health economics (HMHE) is one of the main scopes in public health and health management. The HMHE knowledge and skill is essential today in managing the challenges with emerging and reemerging diseases, rising healthcare cost, and with limited resources..
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