Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering

 Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Microwave Technology Research

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Antenna Technology, Metamaterial, Electromagnetic Sensor, Microwave Imaging, IoT-based System, Satellite Communication, Ionospheric Research & Navigation Satellite (GPS), Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)

Microwave Technology Research Group is one of main research groups in the Department of Electric, Electronic and System Engineering UKM. Our group specialises on the research and development of antennas, RF/microwave devices, metamaterial and electromagnetic simulation/measurement techniques in various applications such as communication, imaging and sensing. Since its inception, the group has managed to obtain more than RM 8 million in research grant nationally and internationally. Research outputs from the group has been published in various high impact journals and multiple patents have been granted based on the research in the group. Within the group, there are two (2) main laboratories, namely the Microwave Technology Laboratory and Near Field Measurement Laboratory. These laboratories are equipped with 3m anechoic chamber, Satimo Near Field Measurement system and various state-of-the-art RF/microwave equipment.






Prof. Dr. Norbahiah Misran

Head of Group

Antenna Design

bahiah [at]

Prof. Dr. Mohammad Tariqul Islam

Academic Staff

Antenna Technology

Microwave Imaging


tariqul [at]

Prof. Ir. Dr. Mandeep Singh A/L Jit Singh

Academic Staff

Satellite Communication

mandeep [at]

Prof. Ir. Dr. Mardina Abdullah

Academic Staff

Ionospheric Research & Navigation Satellite (GPS)

Industrial Engineering & Expert systems (AI)

mardina [at]

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mohd Fais Mansor

Academic Staff

Wireless Communication

Antenna and Propagation

m.mansor [at]

Dr. Mohd Hafiz Baharuddin

Academic Staff

Wireless Communication

Electromagnetic Compatibility

hafizb [at]

Mr. Kamarulzaman Mat

Academic Staff

Data Communication

kamarulzaman [at]

Saif Hannan

PhD Student

Analysis of Microwave Range Metamaterial Absorber for Communication System

p98220 [at]

Mohammad Shahidul Islam

Master Student

Metamaterial Loaded Three-dimensional Antenna and Tissue Mimicking Phantom in Internet of Things Enabled Portable Electromagnetic Head Imaging System

p97645 [at]

Md Atiqur Rahman

PhD Student

Matematerial characterisation for microwave application

p102555 [at]

Ahasanul Hoque

PhD Student

Matematerial Microwave sensor

p94155 [at]

Md. Moniruzzaman

PhD Student

Healthcare Monitoring System Using LoRA

p99997 [at]

Nur Izzati Binti Mohd Ali 

PhD Student

Design of A Compact Broadband Circular Polarized Antenna for Wireless 

nurizzati [at]

Tito Yuwono

PhD Student

Electromagnetic Compatibility

p94379 [at]

Azahari Bin Salleh

PhD Student

Stroke Detection Using Antenna

asalleh [at]

Md. Rashedul Islam

PhD Student

Microwave Sensor Using Matematerial

p100838 [at]

Shaliza Binti Jumahat

PhD Student

Antenna Design for IoT In Environmental Monitoring for Urban Flood Rescue 

p92977 [at]

Mohammad Azrin Bin Daud

PhD Student

Kajian Rekabentuk Antena Reflectarray Untuk Aplikasi Satelit Remote Sensing

p97578 [at]


Current research projects :

  1. A New Split-Triangular Metamaterial for Electromagnetic Radiation Reduction in Human Body
  2. Acute Myocardial Infarction (Mi) Detection Using Connected Sensors
  3. Antena Tatasusun Pantulan Terintegrasi Sel Suria
  4. Causality Between Equatorial Plasma Bubbles Phenomenon and Counter Electrojet Current Over Different Solar Activity Levels
  5. Characteristics of Ionospheric Parameters Over Equator Region
  6. Characterization of A New Ferrite Based Dielectric Material for Mobile Communication
  7. Compact UHF Patch Antenna Development For 1U Cube Satellite Communications
  8. Contrast and Resolution Enhancement Using Non-Linear Compounding Method for Ultrasound B-Mode Images
  9. Corrugated Meander Line Structure with Near Zero Index Metamaterial Properties for Electromagnetic Coupling Reduction
  10. Design and Development of Patch Antenna For 5G And Small Satellite Applications
  11. Design and Fabrication of An Optimized Compact MIMO Patch Antenna Array For 5G Technology
  12. Development of High Accuracy GPS Receiving Antenna for Sensing Climate Change.
  13. Development of Medical Drone for Emergency Care Delivery
  14. Development of Microwave Sensor for Real-Time Detection of Heavy Metal Ion and Soluble Contaminants in Water
  15. Development of Open Mesh Meta-Atom Mirror for Solar Radiation Absorption
  16. Development of Resonator Based Metamaterial for Body Protection from Electromagnetic Radiation
  17. Functional Graded Nickel Based Nanocomposite Coatings for Oil and Gas Industry
  18. Gravity Waves Seeding of Equatorial Spread F in The South American Region
  19. High Resolution Two-Dimensional Two-Probe Station for Stochastic EM Emissions Characterisation
  20. Identification of Stratospheric Quasi Biennal Oscillation Impact on Equatorial Electrojet Current
  21. Identifying Region-Of-Interest (Roi) For Moving Medical Images on Real Time Wireless Communication System
  22. Implantable Antenna Using Superstrate Thickness for Biotelemetry Communication
  23. Internet of Things (IoT) Based Hospital Queuing Management System Using Flexible Wrist Band
  24. Ionospheric Plasma Bubble Using Gps Over Malaysia
  25. Metamaterial Based Invisibility Cloak for Electromagnetic Radiation Control in Space Applications
  26. Modelling and Mapping Ionosphere Over Malaysia
  27. Optimal Near Field Characterisation of a Nonstationary Stochastic EM Emissions Using Piecewise Stationary Segmentation Approach
  28. Pixelated Metasurface Rectenna Based on Symmetric Resonator for Electromagnetic Energy Harvesting
  29. The Patch Antenna Development for Nanosats
  30. Time Domain Microwave Signal Contrast Based Algorithm for Stroke Detection System
  31. Ultrathin and Flexible Nanocomposite Metamaterial with Broadband Perfect Absorption in Communication System

Recent Publications

Article Information


A compact skull-shaped defected ground super wideband microstrip monopole antenna for short-distance wireless communication. (2020) International Journal of Communication Systems, 33 (14), art. no. e4527.

Rahman M.D.A., Singh M.S.J., Samsuzzaman M.D., Islam M.T.

A compact square-shaped left-handed passive metamaterial with optimized quintuple resonance frequencies for satellite applications. (2020) Chinese Journal of Physics, 67, pp. 360-375.

Ramachandran T., Faruque M.R.I., Islam M.T.

A dual band left-handed metamaterial-enabled design for satellite applications. (2020) Results in Physics, 16, art. no. 102942.

Ramachandran T., Faruque M.R.I., Islam M.T.

A gap coupled hexagonal split ring resonator based metamaterial for S-band and X-band microwave applications. (2020) IEEE Access, 8, art. no. 9057538, pp. 68239-68253.

Shahidul Islam M., Samsuzzaman M., Beng G.K., Misran N., Amin N., Islam M.T.

A multi-slotted antenna for LTE/5G Sub-6 GHz wireless communication applications. (2020) International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, .

Azim R., Meaze A.K.M.M.H., Affandi A., Alam M.M., Aktar R., Mia M.S., Alam T., Samsuzzaman M., Islam M.T.

A mutual coupled concentric crossed-Line split ring resonator (CCSRR) based epsilon negative (ENG) metamaterial for Tri-band microwave applications. (2020) Results in Physics, 18, art. no. 103292.

Shahidul Islam M., Islam M.T., Mohd Sahar N., Rmili H., Amin N., Chowdhury M.E.H.

A planar ultrawideband patch antenna array for microwave breast tumor detection. (2020) Materials, 13 (21), art. no. 4918, pp. 1-16.

Hossain A., Islam M.T., Islam M.T., Chowdhury M.E.H., Rmili H., Samsuzzaman M.

A tri-band left-handed meta-atom enabled designed with high effective medium ratio for microwave based applications. (2020) Results in Physics, 17, art. no. 103032.

Islam M.R., Samsuzzaman M., Misran N., Beng G.K., Islam M.T.

A UHF CPW-fed patch antenna for nanosatellite store and forward mission. (2020) Microsystem Technologies, 26 (8), pp. 2399-2405.

Ullah M.A., Alam T., Islam M.T.

A Wide Incident Angle, Ultrathin, Polarization-Insensitive Metamaterial Absorber for Optical Wavelength Applications. (2020) IEEE Access, 8, art. no. 9138383, pp. 129525-129541.

Mahmud S., Islam S.S., Almutairi A.F., Islam M.T.

An Internet of Things Based Smart Waste Management System Using LoRa and Tensorflow Deep Learning Model. (2020) IEEE Access, 8, art. no. 9165744, pp. 148793-148811.

Sheng T.J., Islam M.S., Misran N., Baharuddin M.H., Arshad H., Islam M.R., Chowdhury M.E.H., Rmili H., Islam M.T.

An octagonal ring-shaped parasitic resonator based compact ultrawideband antenna for microwave imaging applications. (2020) Sensors (Switzerland), 20 (5), art. no. 1354.

Hossain A., Islam M.T., Almutairi A.F., Singh M.S.J., Mat K., Samsuzzaman M.

Asymmetric feed circularly polarized broadband printed antenna for wireless communication. (2020) Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials, 22 (3-4), pp. 129-135.

Tarikul Islam M.D., Samsuzzaman M.D., Rahman M.N., Singh M.J., Islam M.T.

Automated QT interval measurement using modified pan-tompkins algorithm with independent isoelectric line approach. (2020) Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, 44, pp. 51-61.

Jumahat S., Beng G.K., Misran N., Islam M.T., Mahri N., Ja’afar M.H.

Beamforming and Scheduling Techniques for Multibeam DVB-S2X over Rainy Fading Satellite Channel. (2020) IEEE Access, 8, art. no. 9016242, pp. 41116-41127.

Awad S.D., Sali A., Al-Saegh A.M., Al-Wani M.M., Raja Abdullah R.S.A., Singh M.S.J.

Broadband single-layer reflectarray antenna loaded with meander-delay-lines for X-band applications. (2020) Alexandria Engineering Journal.

Shabbir T., Islam M.T., Misran N., Al-Bawri S.S., Singh S.

Calibration of the loop probe for the near-field measurement. (2020) International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, 12 (9), pp. 878-884.

Dimitrijevic T., Atanaskovic A., Doncov N.S., Thomas D.W.P., Smartt C., Baharuddin M.H.

Can AI Help in Screening Viral and COVID-19 Pneumonia? (2020) IEEE Access, 8, art. no. 9144185, pp. 132665-132676.

Chowdhury M.E.H., Rahman T., Khandakar A., Mazhar R., Kadir M.A., Mahbub Z.B., Islam K.R., Khan M.S., Iqbal A., Emadi N.A., Reaz M.B.I., Islam M.T.

Characterization of ionospheric delay and forecasting using GPS-TEC Over equatorial region. (2020) Annals of Geophysics, 63 (2), art. no. PA211, pp. 1-17.

Elmunim N.A., Abdullah M., Bahari S.A.

Compact ultra-wideband monopole antenna loaded with metamaterial. (2020) Sensors (Switzerland), 20 (3), art. no. 796.

Al-bawri S.S., Goh H.H., Islam M.S., Wong H.Y., Jamlos M.F., Narbudowicz A., Jusoh M., Sabapathy T., Khan R., Islam M.T.

Computational analysis of octagonal torus-shaped nano meta-atom through fractional absorption bandwidth for applications in the terahertz regime. (2020) Results in Physics, 19, art. no. 103470.

Islam M.T., Hoque A., Baharuddin M.H., Sahar N.M., Rmili H.

Coupled ring split ring resonator (CR-SRR) based epsilon negative metamaterial for multiband wireless communications with high effective medium ratio. (2020) Results in Physics, 18, art. no. 10324.

Moniruzzaman M., Islam M.T., Islam M.R., Misran N., Samsuzzaman M.

Cross coupled interlinked split ring resonator based epsilon negative metamaterial with high effective medium ratio for multiband satellite and radar communications. (2020) Results in Physics, 18, art. no. 103296.

Moniruzzaman M., Islam M.T., Tarikul Islam M., Chowdhury M.E.H., Rmili H., Samsuzzaman M.

Design and parametric analysis of a wide-angle polarization-insensitive metamaterial absorber with a star shape resonator for optical wavelength applications. (2020) Results in Physics, 18, art. no. 103259.

Mahmud S., Islam S.S., Mat K., Chowdhury M.E.H., Rmili H., Islam M.T.

Determination of the moisture content in walnuts using microwave nondestructive technique. (2020) Telecommunications and Radio Engineering (English translation of Elektrosvyaz and Radiotekhnika), 79 (6), pp. 509-520.

Islam M.T., Kuzmichev I., Kogut A., Dolia R., Eremenko Z., Kogut E., Liu L.W.Y.

Digital metamaterial filter for encoding information. (2020) Scientific Reports, 10 (1), art. no. 3289.

Ahamed E., Faruque M.R.I., Alam M.J., Mansor M.F.B., Islam M.T.

Double H-shaped complementary split ring resonator with different orientations for quad-band satellite applications. (2020) Results in Physics, 19, art. no. 103427.

Siddiky A.M., Faruque M.R.I., Islam M.T.

Eight-Port Metamaterial Loaded UWB-MIMO Antenna System for 3D System-in-Package Applications. (2020) IEEE Access, 8, art. no. 9108232, pp. 106982-106992.

Shabbir T., Saleem R., Al-Bawri S.S., Shafique M.F., Islam M.T.

Electric field controlled cohesive symmetric hook-C shape inspired metamaterial for S-band application. (2020) Chinese Journal of Physics, 68, pp. 28-38.

Sifat R., Faruque M.R.I., Ahmed E., Islam M.T., Khandaker M.U.

Electromagnetic absorption of SRR based double-inverse E-Shaped metamaterial for DCS, EESC, 5G, and WiMAX applications. (2020) Chinese Journal of Physics, 66, pp. 349-361.

Tamim A.M., Faruque M.R.I., Ahamed E., Islam M.T.

Electromagnetic radiation reduction using novel metamaterial for cellular applications. (2020) Radiation Physics and Chemistry, art. no. 108976.

Tamim A.M., Faruque M.R.I., Khandaker M.U., Islam M.T., Bradley D.A.

Equatorial Plasma Bubble Zonal Drift Velocity Variations in Response to Season, Local Time, and Solar Activity across Southeast Asia. (2020) Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125 (3), art. no. e2019JA027521, .

Sarudin I., Hamid N.S.A., Abdullah M., Buhari S.M., Shiokawa K., Otsuka Y., Yatini C.Y.

Evaluation of ka-band rain attenuation for satellite communication in tropical regions through a measurement of multiple antenna sizes. (2020) IEEE Access, 8, art. no. 8960346, pp. 18007-18018.

Kalaivaanan P.M., Sali A., Raja Abdullah R.S.A., Yaakob S., Jit Singh M., Al-Saegh A.M.

Impact of users’ finger on the amount and direction of radiated power from a 28 ghz 4-element mimo antenna mobile terminal. (2020) Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, 104, pp. 85-97.

Elshirkasi A.M., Al-Hadi A.A., Soh P.J., Mansor M.F., Khan R., Akkaraekthalin P.

Increasing the Q-factor of thin planar dielectric resonator with whispering gallery modes. (2020) International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, 12 (10), pp. 960-968.

Kogut A.E., Islam M.T., Kogut E.A., Eremenko Z.E., Dolia R.S.

Inertia to the adoption of crowdfunding in Bangladesh: Astudy on start-up entrepreneurs. (2020) Cogent Business and Management, 7 (1), art. no. 1811597.

Islam M.T., Khan M.T.A.

In-vivo and ex-vivo measurements of blood glucose using whispering gallery modes. (2020) Sensors (Switzerland), 20 (3), art. no. 830, .

Liu L.W.Y., Kandwal A., Kogut A., Eremenko Z.E., Kogut E., Islam M.T., Dolia R., Nosatiuk S., Nguyen S.T.

L-band amplitude scintillations during solar maximum at a low latitude station. (2020) International Journal of Advanced Trends in Computer Science and Engineering, 9 (1.4 Special Issue), art. no. 66, pp. 465-470.

Rahim N.A., Mokhtar M., Nayan N.M., Ismail M.Y., Buhari S.M., Abdullah M., Bahari S.A.

Low-profile slotted metamaterial antenna based on bi slot microstrip patch for 5g application. (2020) Sensors (Switzerland), 20 (11), art. no. 3323, pp. 1-20.

Hoque A., Islam M.T., Almutairi A.F.

Measurement of Near-Field Electromagnetic Emissions and Characterization Based on Equivalent Dipole Model in Time-Domain. (2020) IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 62 (4), art. no. 8879707, pp. 1237-1246.

Zhao Y., Baharuddin M.H., Smartt C., Zhao X., Yan L., Liu C., Thomas D.W.P.

Measuring Contention and Congestion on Ad-Hoc Multicast Network towards Satellite on Ka-Band and LiFi Communication under Tropical Environment Region. (2020) IEEE Access, 8, art. no. 9114994, pp. 108942-108951.

Kalaivaanan P.M., Sali A., Abdullah R.S.A.R., Yaakob S., Singh M.J., Singh M.J., Al-Saegh A.M.

Metamaterial cell-based superstrate towards bandwidth and gain enhancement of quad-band CPW-fed antenna for wireless applications. (2020) Sensors (Switzerland), 20 (2), art. no. 457.

Al-Bawri S.S., Islam M.S., Wong H.Y., Jamlos M.F., Narbudowicz A., Jusoh M., Sabapathy T., Islam M.T.

Modified-Segmented Split-Ring Based Polarization and Angle-Insensitive Multi-Band Metamaterial Absorber for X, Ku and K Band Applications. (2020) IEEE Access, 8, art. no. 9152819, pp. 144051-144063.

Hannan S., Islam M.T., Sahar N.M., Mat K., Chowdhury M.E.H., Rmili H.

Nested circular elliptical shaped mixed loop resonator based bandpass filter for microwave applications [Penapis jalur berasaskan campuran gegelung penyalun berbentuk sarang bulat untuk aplikasi gelombang mikro]. (2020) Jurnal Teknologi, 82 (2), pp. 35-41.

Faruque M.R.I., Alam M.J., Roslan M.R., Islam M.T.

Numerical Analysis of Single Negative Broadband Metamaterial Absorber Based on Tri Thin Layer Material in Visible Spectrum for Solar Cell Energy Harvesting. (2020) Plasmonics, 15 (4), pp. 1061-1069.

Hoque A., Islam M.T.

Numerical Analysis of the Microwave Treatment of Palm Trees Infested with the Red Palm Weevil Pest by Using a Circular Array of Vivaldi Antennas. (2020) IEEE Access, 8, art. no. 9170618, pp. 152342-152350.

Rmili H., Alkhalifeh K., Zarouan M., Zouch W., Islam M.T.

Observation of the north-south asymmetry in the equatorial spread F intensity at the Brazilian longitude. (2020) Advances in Space Research, 65 (1), pp. 50-63.

Afolayan A.O., Mandeep J.S., Abdullah M., Buhari S.M.

Performance evaluation of wireless data traffic in mm wave massive MIMO communication. (2020) Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 20 (3), pp. 1342-1350.

Al-Heety A.T., Islam M.T., Rashid A.H., Abd Ali H.N., Fadil A.M., Arabian F.

Performance Study of a MIMO Mobile Terminal with Upto 18 Elements Operating in the Sub-6 GHz 5G Band with User Hand. (2020) IEEE Access, 8, art. no. 8998312, pp. 28164-28177.

Elshirkasi A.M., Al-Hadi A.A., Soh P.J., Mansor M.F., Khan R., Chen X., Akkaraekthalin P.

Polarization-independent ultra-wideband metamaterial absorber for solar harvesting at infrared regime. (2020) Materials, 13 (11), art. no. 2560.

Alam A., Islam S.S., Islam M.H., Almutairi A.F., Islam M.T.

Quad band metamaterial absorber based on asymmetric circular split ring resonator for multiband microwave applications. (2020) Results in Physics, 19, art. no. 103467.

Moniruzzaman M., Islam M.T., Muhammad G., Singh M.S.J., Samsuzzaman M.

SNG and DNG meta-absorber with fractional absorption band for sensing application. (2020) Scientific Reports, 10 (1), art. no. 13086.

Hoque A., Islam M.T., Almutairi A.F., Chowdhury M.E.H., Samsuzzaman M.

Synthesis, characterization and development of energy harvesting techniques incorporated with antennas: A review study. (2020) Sensors (Switzerland), 20 (10), art. no. 2772.

Ibrahim H.H., Singh M.S.J., Al-Bawri S.S., Islam M.T.

The response between VTEC and lightning activity over the Antarctic Peninsula. (2020) Polar Science, 25, art. no. 100563.

Nor W.N.A.W.M., Abdullah M., Ahmad M.R., Zainudin S.K., Yusop N., Suparta W., Gulisano A.M.

Ultralow profile, low passive intermodulation, and super-wideband ceiling mount antennas for cellular and public safety distributed antenna systems.(2020) Sensors (Switzerland), 20 (9), art. no. 2456.

Ng K.J., Islam M.T., Alevy A.M., Fais Mansor M.

Wide Bandwidth Angle- and Polarization-Insensitive Symmetric Metamaterial Absorber for X and Ku Band Applications. (2020) Scientific Reports, 10 (1), art. no. 10338.

Hannan S., Islam M.T., Almutairi A.F., Faruque M.R.I.


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