UKM has plans and implements several initiatives to mitigate the impact of climate change. UKM has started planning to improve energy efficiency since 2015 by replacing conventional to smart-energy appliances. Furthermore, among the projects that have been carried out are the replacement of LED lights and the use of energy-saving computers. UKM has also pledged to use 100% new energy in daily activities to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions. The three main sources of new energy that have been developed in UKM are solar energy, hydrogen and biomass. Installation of solar power at UKM has started since 2020 at UKM Bangi Campus “A Million Tree Planting” program was launched as a large-scale environmental conservation measure to reduce the effects of climate change to provide continuous awareness in line with the SDG 13.

Low Carbon Energy Use

UKM measures the amount of low carbon energy used across the university. UKM has started planning to improve energy efficiency since 2015 by replacing conventional to smart-energy appliances. Until 2022, 40% of electrical goods in UKM have been changed to smart energy appliances that are more environmentally friendly.

Furthermore, among the projects that have been carried out are the replacement of LED lights and the use of energy-saving computers. UKM has also pledged to use 100% new energy in daily activities to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions. The three main sources of new energy that have been developed in UKM are solar energy, hydrogen and also biomass.Installation of solar power at UKM has started since 2020 which involves 35 buildings located at UKM Bangi Campus. After installing solar, there will be a reduction of 16% per year to the electricity used.

UKM’S Plan Towards Upgrading Existing Buildings to Higher Efficiency

UKM has strategically planned for initiatives in developing affordable energy as well as energy efficiency, for instance, upgrading conventional lamps into high-efficient LED lamps and installing solar panels within UKM in its Sustainability Strategic Plan 2030 which can be accessed in page 45 and 46.

UKM Solar Power Installation

The UKM Solar Power project was implemented for the purpose of saving the university’s electricity costs. The value of the project is RM24 million. A 1,460,000 kWh solar panel has been installed on the roof of the UKM building in Bangi, involving 50 buildings. There is a cooperation period of 15 years and after 15 years the solar power project will be handed over to UKM for operation. The estimated savings to be obtained from the solar power project is electricity bill savings of at least 16% for each kWh used, equivalent to RM1.24 million per year (UKM pays 0.29 sen/kwh compared to 0.3465 sen/kwh for the first 10 years).

Opening ceremony by Minister of Higher Education, Ybhg. Dato’ Seri Mohamad Khaled Nordin

Green House@UKM

A greenhouse is a structure that allows people to regulate climatic conditions, such as temperature and humidity. There are many different designs of greenhouses; however, in general these buildings include large areas of transparent material to capture the light and heat of the sun. The three most common transparent materials used in the roof and walls of modern greenhouses are rigid plastics made of polycarbonate, plastic films made of polyethylene or glass panes. When the interior of a greenhouse is exposed to sunlight, the internal temperature rises and shelters the plants from cold weather.

The word greenhouse can be used interchangeably with the terms glasshouse and hothouse, depending on the building’s material and heating system. Buildings today are more commonly referred to as greenhouses because they can be constructed of a variety of materials, like wood and polyethylene plastic. A glasshouse, on the other hand, is a more traditional style of greenhouse that is only constructed with panes of glass to allow light into the building. The term hothouse implies that the greenhouse is heated through artificial means; however, both heated and unheated structures can be defined generally as greenhouses.

PC2-Certified Greenhouse

Institute of Systems Biology (INBIOSIS) is now equipped with its first PC2 Greenhouse (RTPC2) facility which enables research on genetically modified plants to be carried out within a secure and controlled environment. RTPC2 is also available to all UKM researchers as well as open for service to other universities or companies. The existence of the RTPC2 facility conforms to the mandatory requirements of the Biosafety Act 2007, especially in research involving genetic manipulation studies. The facility will helps to boost research in the field of biotechnology and crop improvement. Furthermore, the research to be carried out will help in developing modern biotechnological products and contributing to the advancement in the field that will bring not only bring benefit to the society but also facilitate UKM in achieving status as a world’s leading research university. 


Open Roof Ventilation Green House

Open Roof Ventilation Green House is an automated system with controlled temperature, humidity and injection of carbon dioxide located at the Green House Complex, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM. The aim of the project is to observe the impact of climate change, in particular, the impact of elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration on biological species and ecosystem function.

The Open Roof Ventilation Greenhouse injects CO2 automatically in a closed system elevated concentrations of 550-650 ppm daily at certain time intervals. At the time of no injection, the system is an open system where temperature and humidity are controlled at the required values. The target biological species shall be exposed to the CO2 high concentration for a certain period to look at the ecological and physiological responses of the target species, for example, changes of chlorophyll a/b ratio, changes in the leaf area index and in the growth rate of the plant species.


UKM’s Southeast Asia Disaster Prevention Research Initiative (SEADPRI-UKM)

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia’s Southeast Asia Disaster Prevention Research Initiative (SEADPRI-UKM), comes under the administrative structure of the Institute of Environment and Development (LESTARI) at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. SEADPRI-UKM comprises a team of highly qualified people/academics with a singular goal: to create a bridge between the academic world with its vast body of research and (the decision makers and the private sector who deal directly with) the reality of disaster management and mitigation in this country, and the region. A team with a vision to promote informed decision making based on knowledge.


Environmental Education Measures

Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI)
1. Doctor of Philosophy (Renewable Energy)
2. Master of Science (Renewable Energy)

Course List:
1. RSR8104 Research Methodology
2. RSRS6312 Technology Of Silicon Solar Cell
3. RSRS6322 Organic Solar Cell Technologies
4. RSRS6412 Solar Thermal Technology And Process
5. RSRS6411 Advanced Building Energy Performance
6. RSRS6502 Special Topic
Institute For Environment and Development (LESTARI)
1. Doctor of Philosophy
2. Master of Science
3. Master of Arts

Field of Specialization
1. Biological Heritage
2. Climatic Hazard
3. Cultural Heritage
4. Development and Social Well-being
5. Disaster Management
6. Ecosystem and Landscape
7. Education for Sustainable Development
8. Environmental Governance
9. Environmental Health
10. Geological Hazard
11. Geological Heritage
12. Governance of Hazardous Substances and Wastes
13. Governance of Natural Resources
14. Technological Hazard
15. Urbanization and the Region
Centre for Diagnostic, Therapeutic & Investigative Studies (CODTIS)
1. Bachelor of Environmental and Occupational Health with Honors
2. Bachelor of Nutrition with Honors

1. Doctor of Philosophy & Master of Health Science (Research Mode)
2. Master of Health Science (Coursework Mode)

4Fuel Cell Institute (SELFUEL)
1. Master of Science & Doctor of Philosophy - Research Mode
2. Master of Science in Low Carbon and Hydrogen Technology - Coursework
5Institute of Climate Change (IPI)
1. Master of Science - Research Mode
2. Master in Climate Change – Coursework (Sept 2023)
3. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) - Research Mode
Department of Earth Sciences and Environment (FST)
1. Bachelor of Science with Honors (Plant Biotechnology)
2. Bachelor of Science with Honors (Food Science and Nutritions)
3. Bachelor of Science with Honors (Food Science with Business Management)
4. Bachelor of Science with Honors (Geology)
5. Bachelor of Science with Honors (Marine Science)
6. Bachelor of Science with Honors (Environmental Science)

1. Master of Science (Research Mode)
2. Master of Science (Coursework)
3. Doctor of Philosophy

Social, Environmental and Developmental Sustainability Research Center (SEEDS-UKM)

1. Bachelor of Social Sciences with Honors (Geography)
2. Bachelor of Social Sciences with Honors (Development Science)
3. Bachelor of Social Sciences with Honors (Anthropology and Sociology)


1. Doctor of Philosophy

2. Master of Philosophy
• Geography
• Development Science
• Environmental Management
• Anthropology and Sociology

3. Master of Social Science
• Anthropology and Sociology*
• Development Science*
*Conducted in Malay language only*

4. Master of Environmental Management
• Environmental Management

Center for Shaping Advanced & Professional
Education (UKMShape)
1. Professional Certificate in Integrity Leadership

2. Professional Certificate Healthcare Education Through Active Learning

3. Professional Certificate Data Analitics
9Coming soon (2024)
Malaysian Skills Certification Initiative in Solid Waste Management and Public Cleaning by Ministry of Housing and Local Government and Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Corporation (SWCorp) Malaysia

Climate Change and Environmental Centre of Excellent at UKM

The Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI)

LESTARI was established on 1st October 1994 as a multidisciplinary institute within the structure of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. It fulfills the aspirations of the university, as envisioned by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to realise the goal of sustainable development through research and capacity development.

LESTARI was also established to serve as a reference centre capable of dealing with environment and development issues, assisting government in formulating policies based on research of a holistic and balanced kind. The development function is directed towards enhancing human resource capacity through skill development and training, for both government and private sectors.


Physical and Living Lab Management Center (ALAF-UKM)

The Physical and Living Lab Management Center or ALAF-UKM was approved for establishment on 8 September 2022, it is the result of the restructuring of several research centers consisting of 4 Natural Laboratories and 2 Physical Laboratories. ALAF-UKM becomes the management entity that will monitor and coordinate each research laboratory centrally at the UKM Natural and Physical Laboratory Management Center (ALAF-UKM)


Center for Diagnostic, Therapeutic And Investigate Studies (CODTIS)

Center for Diagnostic, Therapeutic And Investigate Studies or CODTIS officially established on 1 December 2019.

  • Researchers’ expertise
    • Forensic Science
    • Diagnostic Imaging 
    • Therapeutic Experimental 
  • Being referred and collaborate with local and international agencies such as:
    • Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
    • Lembaga Koko Malaysia
    • Mount Miriam Cancer Hospital
    • Pusat Pengimejan Diagnostik Nuklear UPM
    • Mobecomm Technologies Sdn Bhd
    • Department of Wildlife and National Parks Peninsular Malaysia 
    • Fire and Rescue Department of Malaysia
    • Royal Malaysia Police 
    • Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
    • Kidszania, Petrosains



IDEA UKM is UKM’s strategic office of research and innovation. In addition to being a referral expert, the research cluster is also assigned to shape startegies and strengthen the UKM research ecosystem in a more organized, efficient and systematic way. This Research Cluster will also improve and strengthen collaborative relationships in domestic and foreign research through benchmarking programs with renowned universities. All this will only be achieved with the involvement and solid support of all UKM researchers, whether famous or young researchers.


UKM-YSD Chair for Sustainability

In Sept 2007, the Ministry of Higher Education recognised the value of having senior management in the university (ie Deputy VC for Industry and Community Partnerships) to focus on and drive engagement with industry, NGOs, govt agencies and communities to establish mutually beneficial partnerships.  All of these aim to enhance and enrich the core business of the university – education, research and service.

Through this portfolio, one of the valuable platforms that drives research via public-private partnership is that of an endowed chair.  UKM’s relationship with Yayasan Sime Darby began through the creation of an endowed chair which contributes to a powerful university-industry partnership as it provides for funding which catalyses and leapfrogs the development of a critical area of knowledge.


Climate Change Institute (IPI)

Climate Change Institute was established on consolidation and mergers under the thrust of climate science involving 4 the entities:

  • Earth Observation Centre (EOC)
  • Space Science Centre (ANGKASA)
  • Centre for Tropical Climate Change System (IKLIM)
  • Environmental Management Centre (EMC)


  • To put Malaysia in the world of international politics in matters of climate change and related issues.
  • Improving teaching at the undergraduate and doctorate level in the field of climate and climate change.
  • Develop and enhance the skills and capabilities of universities and countries in the field of climate science and climate change, meteorology, climatology, atmospheric and oceanographic science, impacts and adaptation research and produce graduates with a bachelor of science, doctorate and post-doctorate level.
  • Be inter-disciplinary research institute and cross-border in conducting research and educating graduates who are focused on climate variability, changes in ecosystems and interactions between human beings and nature.
  • The referral center and abroad for teaching, research and development related to the latest technology.
  • Become a depository for data and monitoring for all matters related to climate and climate change, and thus be able to generate revenue through research, consultation, advocacy and legislation.


Department of Earth Sciences and Environment (FST)

Department of  Earth Sciences and Environmental (JSBAS) was established in 2018 and was previously known as the School of Environment and Natural Resource Sciences (PPSSSA). Located in the Geology Building, JSBAS focuses on research involving Geology, Environmental and Marine Science (physical).


Fuel Cell Institute (SELFUEL)

The establishment of Fuel Cell Institute (Institut Sel Fuel), the first research institute in Malaysia conducting research on fuel cell and hydrogen energy, was approved by the Ministry of Higher Education on the 1st of July 2006. The name of the Institute was initially Institute of Fuel Cell Technology (Institut Teknologi Sel Bahan Api). The new name Fuel Cell Institute (Institut Sel Fuel) was approved on 14th July 2007.


Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI)

The Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) is a renowned research institution dedicated to advancing the development and utilization of solar energy in Malaysia and beyond. With a strong commitment to promoting sustainable energy solutions, SERI plays a vital role in driving the country’s transition towards clean and renewable energy sources. Recognized for its cutting-edge research, innovative technologies, and multidisciplinary approach, SERI brings together experts from diverse fields such as engineering, physics, chemistry, materials science, and environmental science. SERI’s research primarily focuses on enhancing the efficiency, reliability, and affordability of solar energy systems.


Social, Environmental and Developmental Sustainability Research Center (SEEDS-FSSK)

Social, Environmental and Developmental Sustainability Research Center (SEEDS-FSSK) plays a role as a generator and developer of knowledge about society, culture, development and the physical environment through a wide scope, but focused, by combining social science knowledge in the fields of anthropology, sociology, geography and development science. This Study Center also aims to create an environment for learning, research, publication and discourse that is sensitive to various current schools of thought about society and culture, development challenges and environmental issues.


Commitment To Carbon Neutral University

UKM’s Net Zero Emission Target 2050

Greenhouse Gas Emission Report

SDG 13 Poster