Supporting Land Ecosystem Through Education

Fraser Hills Research Center

Fraser’s Hill Research Center focuses on teaching and research in the field of bio-engineering, nano technologies, hydrology, geology, natural disasters, botany, ecology, soil, flora, fauna and the social environment. It also provides consulting services to agencies and institutions such as the Pahang State Government, Perbadanan Kemajuan Bukit Fraser, District Office & Land Raub, Raub District Council, and the State Forestry Department.

It also provides community services to the local community in the development of human capital especially in the field of edu-tourism and eco-tourism.


Kuala Pilah Research Centre

Kuala Pilah Research Centre located at Lot No PT1946 Selaru, Mukim Johol, Kuala Pilah is a 100 acres land granted by the state of Negeri Sembilan. Bioenergy Department UKM started a tree plantation program of castor oil tree that could produce biofuel. The biofuel research station was established in 2011 and fully developed in 2013. Other plantation programs of Ficus carica (fig tree) and Arenga pinnata (palm tree) are also implemented here as these plants potentially produce fuel and have many advantages.


Green House@UKM

greenhouse is a structure that allows people to regulate climatic conditions, such as temperature and humidity. There are many different designs of greenhouses; however, in general these buildings include large areas of transparent material to capture the light and heat of the sun. The three most common transparent materials used in the roof and walls of modern greenhouses are rigid plastics made of polycarbonate, plastic films made of polyethylene or glass panes. When the interior of a greenhouse is exposed to sunlight, the internal temperature rises and shelters the plants from cold weather.

The word greenhouse can be used interchangeably with the terms glasshouse and hothouse, depending on the building’s material and heating system. Buildings today are more commonly referred to as greenhouses because they can be constructed of a variety of materials, like wood and polyethylene plastic. A glasshouse, on the other hand, is a more traditional style of greenhouse that is only constructed with panes of glass to allow light into the building. The term hothouse implies that the greenhouse is heated through artificial means; however, both heated and unheated structures can be defined generally as greenhouses.


Taman Botani UKM @ Faculty of Science and Technology

Become a center for the conservation and preservation of selected plant groups and biological diversity of flora and fauna within the Taman Botani environment.

Taman Botani UKM (TBB FST-UKM) established in August 2020 is a combination of four units:

  1. Plant House Complex
  2. Fern Garden
  3. Herb garden
  4. Bangi Permanent Forest Reserve


1. Plant House Complex

Plant House Complex consists of several main sections including a farm, a greenhouse, a nursery and a research laboratory. There are 25 farm plots labeled starting from farm A to farm Y. These Plant House Complex are suitable for planting fertigation crops, growing vegetables, raising livestock and so on. In addition, there are 5 units of greenhouses and each of these greenhouses has a different “rolling bench”, for example 27 units that can hold as many as 1080 seedlings. In addition, the nursery at the Taman Botani UKM focuses on the reproduction of seedlings of herb trees, decorative trees, kitchen garden trees, fruit trees and various species of forest trees. Various research laboratories located in the Plant House Complex. The research laboratory covers research fields in the study of plant pathology, plant engineering, plant anatomy, plant molecules and etc.

2. Fern Garden

Taman Paku Pakis UKM (TPPUKM) or Fern Garden of UKM (Fernarium) is the first fern garden created in Malaysia. It was established in 1988 in a 13-hectare hillside area that was previously earmarked as an arboretum site. This Fern Garden has also been registered and recognized by Botanic Gardens Conservations International (BGCI) at the International Union for Conservation of Nature Resources (IUCN), Kew, United Kingdom. The park is divided into three main sections namely ethnobotany, conservation and exotic, and also has six paths through a diverse collection of ferns consisting of 46 genera and 25 families of pteridophytes. The richness of flora and fauna in this park has attracted many researchers and students to study and learning their habits, physiology, interactions and chemical content. Therefore, the conservation of this park is important for the sustainable biodiversity of the area.

3. Herb garden

Taman Herba or Herb Garden was created at UKM for the purposes of education, learning, research, conservation and awareness for the public and for future generations. This two-acre (0.8 hectare) Herb Garden has about 450 species of plants from families such as Zingiberaceae, Rutaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Rubiaceae, Acanthaceae, Annonaceae, Apocynaceae, Piperaceae and many more. The Herb Garden was established in November 2009, located next to the FST Fern Garden and close to the Plant House Complex

4. Bangi Permanent Forest Reserve

Bangi Permanent Forest Reserve was gazetted in 1906 and handed over to UKM in 1970 for campus construction. This dipterocarp type tropical forest was renamed the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Permanent Forest Reserve with an area of ​​138 hectares. The highest peak is Bukit Rupa, 105 meters above sea level. There are approximately 600 species of flora and 800 species of fauna that can be found in the Bangi Forest Reserve. This species is a botanical study for B.Sc., M.Sc. level graduates. and Ph.D.

Taman Ilmu @ Chancellory

Pusat Strategi UKM has developed Taman Ilmu with the concept of an urban garden. There are many types of vegetables and herbs grown in the Chancellory UKM. This initiative is to cultivate the practice and as a sign of support for the efforts towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

Taman Lestari UKM

Taman Lestari UKM YSD@FKAB was developed by the UKM-YSD Sustainability Chair as a hub for urban agriculture education in an effort to promote a culture of sustainable living. This garden that is planted with various types of vegetables, such as lettuce, mustard greens, okra and sweet potato.

Museums and Galleries

  • Academic Heritage Museum
  • Sheikh Othman Sarawak Gallery
  • Tun Ahmad Sarji Collection
  • Anatomy Museum
  • Istana Puteri Bongsu
  • ATMA Rare Collection
  • Langkawi Research Center Gallery
  • Natural History Gallery

1. Academic Heritage Museum

Preserving, collecting, conserving and exhibiting university and national treasures and heritage, which are valuable in recording the time span of global change in the form of past, present and present.

Determined to be a superior academic museum that preserves the legacy of excellence in knowledge, thinking, research and innovation of UKM scholars and scientists and makes it a reference, research, teaching and learning center that is distinguished in the national and international arena.


2. Sheikh Othman Sarawak Gallery

The Sheikh Othman Sarawak Chair is an initiative jointly established by UKM and the Islamic Council of Sarawak (MIS). His work began immediately after the success of the joint organisation of Nadwah Ulama Nusantara (NUN VIII) between UKM and MIS in Kuching on 23 to 25 October 2018. Most interestingly, the resolution of NUN VIII suggested the need for an Islamic scholarship chair to be established at IPT to deal with issues- issues related to civilization, progress and development of the Muslim community, especially for the state of Sarawak.

The Islamic scholarship chair was named the Sheikh Othman Sarawak Chair after the name of a prominent scholar who came from Bumi Kenyalang. The idea of ​​establishing an Islamic Scholarship Chair at IPT was finally read by the Chairman of the Sarawak Islamic Council, Datu Haji Misnu Haji Taha as one of the resolutions of NUN VIII 2018 at the Official Adjournment Ceremony of NUN VIII on Thursday 25 October 2018 corresponding to 16 Safar 1440H in front of Tuan His Excellency Yang Di-Pertua Negeri Sarawak, Tun Pehin Sri Haji Abdul Taib Mahmud. The Sheikh Othman Sarawak Chair placed at the Faculty of Islamic Studies, UKM will carry out focused research activities on the SOCIO-ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT OF THE ISLAMIC SOCIETY OF SARAWAK. This effort is seen to be in line with the 12th Malaysia Plan and the Sarawak Digital Economy Strategy 2018-2022.


3. Tun Ahmad Sarji Collection

UKM Pro-Chancellor Tun Ahmad Sarji handed over his personal collection to UKM for the storage and reference of the public. That personal collection consists of  letters, minutes of meetings, gifts, historic photographs, posters and CDs he received during his service with the Government and the corporate sector. Tun Ahmad Sarji said he chose to place his collections at UKM because the university is an institution that appreciates the legacy.

4. Anatomy Museum

The Anatomy Museum is located on the 3rd floor of the Preclinical Building, next to the faculty’s pre-clinical library is part of a shared museum with the Pathology Museum. This museum was established as one of the department’s efforts to diversify teaching methods in addition to fostering self-learning. Among the collection of specimens on display is a collection of plastination and jar specimens. To facilitate learning, specimens are displayed according to the body system starting from the body system as a whole, hands, feet, respiratory system, urinary system, endocrine system, reproductive system, cardiovascular system, thorax, abdomen and others. Some of the jar specimens are also colored and labeled to make it easier for students to identify the parts involved.


5. Istana Puteri Bongsu

The Museum Department bought Istana Puteri Bongsu fulfils the needs of the Malay World Ethnology Museum. It was first renovated in 2002 and has been stored in the Lukut Museum for 5 years. 2006 it was rebuilt in Taman Pantun, UKM. Around the palace there are lush trees making the atmosphere peaceful and comfortable, it is better known as Laman Ilmu filled with 199 trees, while each tree is completed with a verse related to the tree. It consists of herbaceous, fruit and ornamental trees.

This house has a Kitchen Module and a Mother’s House Module that are connected to the clothesline which is also the original design of the Kelantan House known as Rumah Bujang. The characteristics of the houses of the nobles are different from the residences of ordinary people, where they differ in terms of the pillars of the mother’s house, where ordinary people’s houses have 12 pillars on the module of the mother’s house, while the residences of the nobles have 16 pillars on the module. In addition, the family home in Raja also has an entrance without stairs and the floor is 8-10 feet from the ground level which is equal to the height of an elephant. Such a design is not because they keep elephants under the house, but rather it is designed to make it easier for the residents of the house to enter the house after driving with the elephant without getting off the animal. This is actually to protect the dignity and status of those who are known as members of the royal family.

The carvings on the walls also consist of flora motifs which are synonymous with Kelantan carving motifs. It is a very charming and luxurious residence for the people of Kelantan in the 1800s. This house was built with a mortise method with few nails, it also uses wood from the Cengal and Berlian types which nowadays are very difficult to obtain due to the fact that this type of wood is expensive for people to buy. habit Cengal and Berlian are hard types of wood that take a long time to process, currently only the rich are able to build houses from this type of wood.

Istana Tengku Bongsu in Taman Pantun, UKM is now a reconstruction which is only 1/3 of its originality. Many parts were not built in 2006. Therefore, the authorities have planned for construction on a comprehensive scale to maintain the construction of this palace as it was before it was renovated in 2002.


6. ATMA Rare Collection

ATMA Rare collection is a Malay collection from the entire archipelago and the Malay-Polynesian world including the Malay Collection of Sri Lanka, South Africa, Surinam Malay Language Collection and rare materials in the Dutch language (information related to the Malay language and society in the 16th century)


7. Langkawi Research Center Gallery

The Langkawi Research Center (PPL) is located at Tuanku Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah Campus, Langkawi UNESCO Global Geopark. Langkawi Research Center is a focused center under UKM’s Institute of Environment and Development (LESTARI), responsible for carrying out research and academic services related to integrated heritage conservation and geopark development.


8. Natural History Gallery

Geology Exhibition

The Geological Museum was launched in 1990. Since the establishment of the Geological Department in conjunction with the establishment of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia itself in 1970, efforts to develop this museum took time to complete, especially the collection of local mineral, rock and fossil samples. 

To date, the total number of samples collected is over 7000 samples covering the Geological Museum, Geological Gallery and Rock Archives.


Seed Bank Exhibition

Seed Bank of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKMSB) is one of the units under the Natural History Museum, Faculty of Technology Science. This unit serves as a conservation center and preservation of plant genetic resources such as paddy, fruits and vegetables in particular used in research in UKM.

This unit keeps various types of crop access including traditional varieties, wild varieties, modern cultivars and biakasonic droplets. To date, for paddy crops alone, UKMSB has more than 100 traditional varieties, 50 modern cultivars, and more than 600 droplets. Additionally, UKMSB also has over 25 chilli accesses, 30 salad access, 30 access tails, 10 nut access, and various vegetable access and other fruits. These accessories are obtained through research activities, field work and seed sharing with individuals / research institutions / education from within and outside the country.


Zoology Exhibition

Malaysian National University Zoological Museum is one of the units under the Museum of Natural History, Faculty of Science and Technology. The museum is also a collection center and a vertebrate specimen repository, where to date, the museum has reached 6000 specimens as a whole.

The zoological museum has a diverse and unique collection of specimens of marine life, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.These specimens are preserved since the 80s and there are also several specimens from the 70s, where these specimens are preserved using several curing methods such as curing methods in formalin and alcohol solution of ethanol, taxidermy, bone and diaphonized.

The Zoological Museum was established as a collection center collection of vertebrates specimens as a result of research by researchers and UKM students and as a reference center for researchers and people who are interested in biodiversity diversity.


Amphibian Exhibition

Insects Exhibition

Centre for Insect Systematics (CIS) of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) is one of its kind in Southeast Asia. CIS is also one of the UKM’s centres of excellence. CIS was established in 1993 following the Agenda 21 of the Rio Declaration. Since its inception, the centre has collection of over 100,000 specimens, of which >120 are type specimens. CIS has its own world-circulated journal SERANGGA, which is dedicated to publication of research findings in insect systematics and diversity, particularly of Southeast Asia as well as other parts of the world.


Fieldwork Preliminary Study of Kuala Melaka River Rehabilitation for the Conservation of Fireflies for Tourism Purposes

Organized by: Langkawi Development Authority (LADA), Faculty of Science and Technology (FST-UKM) and Langkawi Research Center (PPL-UKM)

Date: 17 – 18 November 2021
Place: Sungai Kuala Melaka, Kg. Kuala Muda, Langkawi

Last November 17 and 18, a field work was carried out in Sg. Kuala Melaka, Kg. Kuala Muda, Langkawi, which used to be known as “River Park Langkawi”. This field work is a preliminary study of the rehabilitation of Sungai Kuala Melaka for the conservation of fireflies. This study includes identifying the species of fireflies that already exist, as well as the identification of vegetation types, which are model trees for the fireflies found in the location. The main purpose of this study is as a basis for development planning in Sungai Kuala Melaka where this “firefly viewing event” can be used as a new tourist attraction in Langkawi UNESCO Global Geopark (LUGGp). The research experts involved are Prof. Associate Dr. Norela Sulaiman (Head of Bukit Fraser Research Center, UKM) and Dr. Shamsul Khamis (PPL-UKM Associate Fellow). Also assisting throughout the study were staff from the LADA Tourism Division and PPL-UKM.


Bat Research in the Langkawi Islands

Organized by : Langkawi Research Center (PPL)

Date: 16 – 23 January 2016
Place: Langkawi Research Center (PPL) and around the Langkawi Islands

A bat research field work under the management of Dr. Juliana Senawi was held on 16 – 23 January 2016 in several islands around the Langkawi Islands. This research is a study for the Sustainable Development of Heritage Resources for the Well-being of Local Communities project (AP-2014-007). This research work for about a week aims to identify the bat and kluang species found in the Langkawi Islands. Some fog net traps have been installed on Dangli Island and Lalang Island which are identified as the home of the kluang kluang. Counting of kluang species is also recorded. In addition to Dangli Island and Lalang Island, several places around the Langkawi Islands have also been identified such as Tok Diang Cave, Pasir Dagang Cave and Dayang Bunting Bat Cave. This study was also assisted by UKM students, veterinarians and local tour guides.


Setting and Infrastructure

Basic information of the university policy towards green environment. Include space for greenery and in safeguarding environment, as well as developing sustainable energy.


Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) is located in an urban area which has a high rate of development. UKM Bangi campus located at Kajang District located in the state of Selangor, Malaysia. It has a total population of 342,657 with a total area of 101.9 km² and that makes it a high density area with 3,364 inhabitants per km².

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) Campus Bangi and Living Lab

Chini Lake Research Centre, UKM

Langkawi Research Centre, UKM

EKOMAR, Tanjung Resang, Mersing Research Centre

Fraser Hill Research Centre

Kuala Pilah Research Centre

Palm Oil Plantation in Kuala Pilah

Palm Oil Plantation in Reserve Forest, UKM

Environmental Society Clubs

Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI)
1. Doctor of Philosophy (Renewable Energy)
2. Master of Science (Renewable Energy)

Course List:
1. RSR8104 Research Methodology
2. RSRS6312 Technology Of Silicon Solar Cell
3. RSRS6322 Organic Solar Cell Technologies
4. RSRS6412 Solar Thermal Technology And Process
5. RSRS6411 Advanced Building Energy Performance
6. RSRS6502 Special Topic seri/pengajian-pasca- siswazah/senarai- kursus-seri
Institute For Environment and Development (LESTARI)
1. Doctor of Philosophy
2. Master of Science
3. Master of Arts

Field of Specialization
1. Biological Heritage
2. Climatic Hazard
3. Cultural Heritage
4. Development and Social Well-being
5. Disaster Management
6. Ecosystem and Landscape
7. Education for Sustainable Development
8. Environmental Governance
9. Environmental Health
10. Geological Hazard
11. Geological Heritage
12. Governance of Hazardous Substances and Wastes
13. Governance of Natural Resources
14. Technological Hazard
15. Urbanization and the Region
Centre for Diagnostic, Therapeutic & Investigative Studies (CODTIS)
1. Bachelor of Environmental and Occupational Health with Honors
2. Bachelor of Nutrition with Honors

1. Doctor of Philosophy & Master of Health Science (Research Mode)
2. Master of Health Science (Coursework Mode)

4Fuel Cell Institute (SELFUEL)
1. Master of Science & Doctor of Philosophy - Research Mode
2. Master of Science in Low Carbon and Hydrogen Technology - Coursework
5Institute of Climate Change (IPI)
1. Master of Science - Research Mode
2. Master in Climate Change – Coursework (Sept 2023)
3. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) - Research Mode
Department of Earth Sciences and Environment (FST)
1. Bachelor of Science with Honors (Plant Biotechnology)
2. Bachelor of Science with Honors (Food Science and Nutritions)
3. Bachelor of Science with Honors (Food Science with Business Management)
4. Bachelor of Science with Honors (Geology)
5. Bachelor of Science with Honors (Marine Science)
6. Bachelor of Science with Honors (Environmental Science)

1. Master of Science (Research Mode)
2. Master of Science (Coursework)
3. Doctor of Philosophy

Social, Environmental and Developmental Sustainability Research Center (SEEDS-UKM)

1. Bachelor of Social Sciences with Honors (Geography)
2. Bachelor of Social Sciences with Honors (Development Science)
3. Bachelor of Social Sciences with Honors (Anthropology and Sociology)


1. Doctor of Philosophy

2. Master of Philosophy
• Geography
• Development Science
• Environmental Management
• Anthropology and Sociology

3. Master of Social Science
• Anthropology and Sociology*
• Development Science*
*Conducted in Malay language only*

4. Master of Environmental Management
• Environmental Management

Center for Shaping Advanced & Professional
Education (UKMShape)
1. Professional Certificate in Integrity Leadership

2. Professional Certificate Healthcare Education Through Active Learning

3. Professional Certificate Data Analitics
9Coming soon (2024)
Malaysian Skills Certification Initiative in Solid Waste Management and Public Cleaning by Ministry of Housing and Local Government and Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Corporation (SWCorp) Malaysia

Kelab Rakan Taman UKM

Environment And Green Energy Of Malaysia Association (EniGMA-UKM)

Supporting Land Ecosystem Through Action

Awareness Programs & Campaigns

Increase Awareness about Importance of Palm Oil

The CEO Day@UKM program organized by the Faculty of Science and Technology (FST), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and the Malaysian Palm Oil Council (MPOC) aims to increase awareness of the importance of palm oil to the country and society.


Climate Action Festival@UKM

UKM in an effort to inculcate sustainability in the UKM-YSD Sustainability Chair, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) in collaboration with the Climate Change Institute (IPI), Strategy Center, MPOB-UKM Endowment Chair and Angkatan Koperasi Kebangsaan Malaysia Berhad (ANGKASA) organized the Climate Action Festival@UKM program and the Launch of the MyIKLIM Database System to provide awareness, education and spread knowledge of the importance of climate change and oil palm sustainability to the industry and the community.


Tube Well

A technology to obtain drinkable water from underground soil called ‘The TUBE WELL’ was invented by UKM lecturers. The technology was invented to help people from rural area that does not get commercial water supply. The Tube Well was used by the residents of Kampung Labu Lanjut, Sepang, Selangor to obtain drinkable water.


Collaboration with Etiqa General Takaful Berhad for Construction of Tube Well

Collaboration with Etiqa General Takaful Berhad regarding the construction of ‘Tube Wells’ and water tanks at As-Syakirin Mosque, Kampung Baru Lanjut, Salak Tinggi Sepang.


Carbon Footprint Reduction Program

UKM collaborates with the Selangor state government in an effort to reduce carbon emissions in Malaysia. The Selangor State Carbon Footprint Reduction Program Towards Sustainability held recently on the bank of the Langat River. This program was held to improve environmental sustainability, especially in the state of Selangor.


Program to Reduce the Impact of Plastic

Researchers from the Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment (FKAB) conducted a Program to Reduce the Impact of Plastic on the Environment Through the 5R Module (Reject, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle & Recover) involving 71 secondary schools around the State of Kedah.


The Eco-Volunteer Club of UKM

Ecovolunteers together with UKM Anthropology and Sociology students went to Kg Desa Putra, Kajang to interact and see community issues (waste management). An effort by the university to empower the community through student activities. Providing input and sharing with the community regarding recycling practices.


Kuala Lumpur Multihazard Platform

UKM researchers from the Southeast Asian Disaster Research Center (SEADPRI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) developed the Kuala Lumpur Multi-hazard Platform (KL-MHP) to better manage and convey risks in increasing disaster resilience in the city of Kuala Lumpur.


Flood Aid Mission

At the beginning of 2023, several states in Malaysia have been hit by floods, especially in the South and East Coast areas of Peninsular Malaysia. The Student Affairs Center (HEP-UKM) was aware of this matter and immediately took action by creating a Flood Operation Room and managed to gather 3000 flood volunteers.

Among the initiatives taken is the giving of Rahmah Baskets and cash amounting to a total of RM23,200 to help UKM students affected by the flood disaster. The Flood Operations Operations Room was also assisted by the UKM Student Union, the Native Student Association and the Student Volunteer Club.


Agrotek Entrepreneur Development Program Site Visit

Following on from the Agrotech Entrepreneurship Development Program (Urban Agriculture), the Ministry of Higher Education (KPT) has chosen UKM as the location for a site visit to an agrotech agricultural project being worked on by 10 UKM students.

The purpose of this visit is to obtain input and progress in the implementation of the program carried out by the students. The implementation of the agricultural project is divided into three urban agricultural projects, namely eggplant fertigation, rock melon hydroponics and oyster mushrooms.


Land Sensitive Waste Disposal

UKM Recycling Center

UKM has a dedicated recycling center situated at the main campus that also serves the surrounding communities. The building itself is designed to be eco-friendly. The main projects implemented are related to waste separation, recycling, composting, legislation, bin monitoring system, biogas and education and awareness of UKM citizens.